ARHIVA SITE. ULTIMA ACTUALIZARE 22 MARTIE 2013

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Daniel Constantin
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Achim Irimescu
Dumitru Daniel Botănoiu
Valentin Olimpiu Şoneriu
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Daniel Ionescu
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Sergiu Sorin Chelmu
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CONTEXT AND LEGAL FRAMEWORK FOR THE IMPLEMENTATION OF THE LEADER AXIS IN ROMANIA

Regulation (EC) No 1698/2005 provides that the Rural Development Programme will encompass Axis 4, LEADER, in order to support the local development strategies.

For the period 2007-2013, LEADER will cease to function as a separate programme financed from the structural funds, and will be integrated within the National Rural Development Programme, fact that represents a major challenge for all the Member States and for Romania in particular.
As a new Member State of the European Union, Romania is confronting a series of problems, for:

  1. The institutions and agencies which will be involved in the administration and implementation of the LEADER approach have no relevant experience;
  2. The degree of awareness of the local communities is limited as far as the potential of the LEADER approach is concerned, because at present only few partnerships may be described as potential future local action groups;

The implementation of the LEADER approach in Romania should be introduced ‘step by step’, along several years, since the elaboration of local development strategies represents a challenge and a time-consuming task. The priority for Romania in the period 2007-2009 will be the implementation of the LEADER Axis by applying the Measure 431.1 regarding the construction of the public-private partnerships (potential LAGs), with a set of objectives clearly oriented towards:

  1. The actual introduction of the LEADER approach, based on ‘bottom-up’ planning and development, through a gradual training process (‘learning by doing’), and interconnection;
  2. The preparation for the extension of the LEADER approach in the following programming periods;

The implementation of the LEADER Axis in Romania is based on the following regulations:

I. European Regulations

  1. The Treaty of Accession signed in Brussels, on March 31, 2005;
  2. The Proposal for a Council Decision adapting the Act of Accession of Bulgaria and Romania as regards rural development, of April 4, 2006;
  3. The National Development Plan 2007-2013, approved in a Government’s session in December 2005 (page 325, Section 5.3.4 The Promotion of the Local LEADER Initiatives);
  4. Regulation (EC) No 1698/2005 concerning the support granted for rural development through EAFRD– the directives of art. 61-65, Section 4;
  5. The Commission Regulation establishing detailed norms for the application of Council Regulation (EC) No 1698/2005 regarding the support granted for rural development through EAFRD, art. 36-38, subsection 4;

II. National Regulations

  1. The National Strategic Plan 2007-2013
  2. The National Rural Development Programme 2007-2013

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